Baby Immunization Schedule: Everything You Need To Know About Immunizations

The recommended baby immunization schedule is devised to protect children early in life. Babies and children are the most vulnerable to life-threatening diseases. Thus, immunizations are done before they are exposed to such illness. I don’t want to be too cliché, but prevention really is better than cure.

Baby Immunization Schedule: Catching-Up

Right after birth, newborns are given the vaccine Hepatitis B. During your stay at the hospital, hospital staff will inform you the next scheduled vaccination for your little one. Always check the schedule for each vaccine, and make it a priority. Missing a dose is fine, because there is a thing called “catch-up schedule”. Catching-up is done when a baby missed a dose. They still have a leeway to “catch-up” the dose, depending on the type of vaccine the baby missed.

Magnus, my eldest, wasn’t able to have his vaccinations on time. At that time, there was a problem with the availability of a specific vaccine. We waited for months but the 6-in-1 vaccine (which he was supposed to be given) was out of stock all over the country. We started to catch-up his vaccines at 5 months, and it all went well. He is now 18 months old, and he’s – almost – fully-immunized. We are still missing the flu vaccine, which has been, again, out of stock in all clinics and centers.

Baby Immunization Schedule: From birth until 6 months

Here are the vaccines that babies should get from birth until 6 months:

  • Birth
    • Hepatitis B – a viral infection which attacks the liver, then causing chronic and acute diseases
  • 1 month – Second dose of Hepatitis B (this vaccine can be administered up until 2 months)
  • 2 months
    • DTaP
      • Diphtheria – a bacterial infection which causes the mucous membrane of the throat and nose to produce a gray and thick coating
      • Tetanus – an infection that happens when bacteria enters an open wound
      • Pertussis – whooping cough
    • Hib (Haemophilus influenza type B) – a bacterium which causes meningitis and acute respiratory infections
    • IPV (Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine) – Poliovirus is a viral disease. It enters the mouth, multiplies in the throat and gastrointestinal tract, and then moves to the bloodstream and into the central nervous system. This virus replicates and destroys motor neuron cells, which then will leave a person paralyzed.
    • PCV (Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine) – An infection of this bacterium can cause pneumonia, infection of the blood, otitis media or bacterial meningitis.
    • RV (Rotavirus Vaccine) – Rotavirus or more commonly known as gastroenteritis is an infection which causes a person to have watery stools, vomiting, fever and abdominal pain.
  • 4 months – a Second dose of DTaP, Hib, IPV, PCV and RV
  • 6 months
    • 3rd dose of DTaP, Hib, IPV, PCV and RV
    • At 6 months and then annually, babies are required to have their flu vaccination for the prevention of Influenza

Baby Immunization Schedule: From 12 months to 6 years

  • 12-15 months
    • Booster dose of Hib
    • 4th dose of PCV
    • MMR
      • Measles – a highly infectious disease which causes rashes, fever, cough, runny nose, ear infections and diarrhea
      • Mumps – painful and swollen glands in the cheeks, neck and under the jaw
      • Rubella – more commonly known as German Measles, include symptoms such as red rashes around the ears and neck, fever, swollen glands and joint pains
    • Varicella – also known as Chicken Pox, includes symptoms such as itchy rash, fever and tiredness
    • 2 dose series of Hepatitis A until 24 months – Hepatitis A is a viral disease that causes fever and jaundice.
  • 15-18 months – 4th dose of DTaP
  • 4-6 years
    • 5th dose of DTaP
    • 4th dose of IPV
    • 2nd dose of MMR
    • 2nd dose of Varicella

Vaccination Side Effects

Every vaccination may or may not have its side effects. Common side effects are fever, pain at the injection site and irritability. To prevent fever, you can give your little one some Paracetamol drops before or right after the injection. Also keep in mind to use hot or cold compress for the injection site. The area would become swollen after a few hours, and it will give discomfort to your baby. Try cold compress to reduce the swelling, and hot compress to relax the muscle. Remember that your baby is not feeling very well and may feel unsafe, so give him all the cuddles that he needs. Some babies handle vaccination like nothing happened, but some babies will go crying all day, so please be prepared physically and emotionally.

My Babies’ Immunization Stories

Luckily for me, my eldest is a champ at handling vaccines. He may be a total crier, but surprisingly he’s not a crier when he’s receiving his shots. My daughter, on the other hand, being all soft and girly, doesn’t tolerate pain very well. If you want to read more about how we fought during her 5-in-1 vaccine, follow this link: https://parentingandbabyneeds.com/embers-first-pentavalent-vaccine/

Benefits and Risks: Why Some Parents Are Anti-Vaccination

Immunizations save lives – Whatever people may say, benefits still outweigh risks. This, right here, is the perfect example of a benefit. Nothing can be better than this. Having the capability of preventing illnesses and most importantly, death, is the ultimate power. But some people are still not into vaccinations. Why is that?

  • According to studies, pharmaceutical companies cannot be trusted. Sure, there is such thing as marketing, and business is business. But some companies are risking lives for the exchange of money. Some drugs are dangerous, and vaccines are no different.
  • Vaccines are full of chemicals and heavy metals – A mind-numbing amount of chemicals are used as preservative to vaccines, and these chemicals may be life-threatening. As for the heavy metals, vaccines contain mercury, nickel, arsenic, uranium and aluminum. Though these metals are in small amounts, a small amount is all it takes to put your little one in danger.
  • Studies show that vaccinated children are the unhealthiest children. 12,000 surveys resulted in vaccinated children having more infections and illnesses than unvaccinated kids. These include ADHD, autism, ear infections, asthma and allergies.

Overall Impression

Because I am a conforming citizen, I am biased about immunizations. I am in a world where everything is being done for the betterment of all. As I’ve stated above, benefits outweigh the risks. Why so? Cases of “vaccinations gone wrong” are very rare. There may be small risks in vaccinations, but having no vaccination at all is even riskier. As a loving and caring parent, you want what’s best for your baby. Letting him have his immunization is the better step. As long as you’re doing your job with genuine affection, you know you’re doing the right thing. So I say, get going with your little one’s immunization, mommy! And try not to be late. 😉

Meryl Esther Ponce
 

I am a part-time writer, but full-time mommy to 2 amazingly beautiful and high-strung babies. Being a mother has it's ups and downs, but seeing the smiles on your little ones' faces at the end of the day are enough to make you forget parenting even have downs. :)

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